Historically, pergolas are garden structures designed to give shade, act as a way of passage and have great vegetation, such as grape vines. In modern times, pergolas have been used as a backyard structure to provide shade, add beauty to the property or serve as a room without walls for guests outdoor performances. DIY pergola design is easy, and the construction of one can be much easier than many backyard structures, such as decks or sheds.
The steps of DIY pergola designs are as follows:
- Determine your budget based on the shape, size, materials, how much of it will be anchored to the ground and whether or not it is attached to the house.
Draw the plan for your pergola. The awning can be the most complex part of the cover for the design. Some research will be necessary in this aspect of the plan.
- Decide if you want the pergola to be attached to the house or if you want it to be alone. The advantage of joining a pergola to a house is that you do not have to erect as many post as an individual pergola. For example, a simple, self-contained pergola has four stalls. One resting on the house wall may require only two stalls. Pergolas can also be built as independent structures near the house.
- Decide whether to anchor poles of the pergola to the ground, concrete or cover.
Choose the shape of your pergola. The basic shapes are square or rectangular. Shape other than the square or rectangular are rare.
Select a size of your garden structure. Go to the property to inspect the area where the pergola will be added. Make general measurements to get an idea of whether the pergola will be too small or too large for your taste. Obtain exact dimensions once you have decided on a definitive plan.
- Determine the height of the pergola and see if it is compatible with the environment. It must at least be high enough for tall people to clear up. If there are awnings in the vicinity, the pergola must be level with them.
Decide which materials to use. The wood is very pleasing to the view in an outdoor environment, it is easy to work and easy to modify, if mistakes are made or you want to make changes in the pergola. Other materials, such as metal or brick, do not have the same flexibility as wood. Exotic designs can have a mixture of different materials. A pergola can be built with brick columns with a wooden cover, for example.
- The roof cover design of the pergola. A traditional design can call for the installation of two beams of two by four to the poles and beams then add at the top of the beams. The beams can be two by four cross-beams that run in the opposite direction of the beams and evenly spaced. Separation can be from 6 inches to 2 feet away.
Consider more elaborated canopy designs of a pergola. Using the basic design in the previous step, you can add another layer of beams to the top of the first beams. These can be small pieces of wood, such as 2-for-2-inch, 1 by 2 inches or 1-by-1-inch tables that run through the two-by-four beams. These parts can be spaced closer, such as 4 to 6 inches. This plan will create more shade and help in the growth of the vine.
- Cut the ends of the beams and joists in interesting ways instead of leaving them square. Adding decorative shapes to the beam tips will make your pergola more attractive.